The personalized diagnostic is an important part of personalized medicine. Personalized diagnostics refers to the personalized analysis of patients through genome sequencing, proteome analysis, and other methods, and then to customize the best treatment plan for patients.
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death globally. Personalized diagnostics and medicine have been used in many cancers, such as breast cancer, lung cancer, etc.
There are two main applications. One is to determine a person's probability of developing cancer by identifying known cancer-related genes. The other is to further refine cancer types by identifying specific gene sequencing sites to find the most effective drug or treatment for a particular patient in a range of anticancer drugs or treatments.
In the short term, personalized diagnostic and medicine can be expensive. But in the long term, personalized diagnostic and medicine will be beneficial, because information about an individual's disease and responses to different interventions and treatments will help to develop methods of disease prevention.