Aspen Lin

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The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to be a global health emergency on March 11, 2020. To date, the ongoing outbreak has infected more than 6 million people and killed about 6 percent of them in over 200 countries. Due ...Learn More


Recently, an article related to “immunity passports" was published in the journal Nature, listing ten reasons why immunity passports are a bad idea. The ten reasons are as follows: 1. COVID-19 immunity is a mystery2. Serological tests are unreliable3. The volume of testing ...Learn More


In March 2020, the European Medicines Agency recommended granting a conditional marketing authorisation in the European Union for a virus vector-based gene therapeutic drug Zolgensma (ema, 2020). The drug have been used before in United States and Japan for the treatment of ...Learn More


Gene therapy is the treatment of disease by rebuilding defective genetic material (Ermak G, 2015). The whole process involves identifying abnormal gene, synthesizing and delivering identical healthy gene into a cell, tissue, or whole organ, with the goal of curing a disease or at ...Learn More


Non-viral vectors for gene therapy are non-viral vehicles (particle based or chemical based) that deliver the genetic material into a wide variety of cells, tissues and whole organs to treat or improve the health condition of the patient (Murali R and Aparna N, 2015). Overall ...Learn More


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